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An Audience with the Pioneers(Tues, 22nd Sept,14:30-15:15)
At MICCAI 2009, we have invited two leading figures in MRI, Sir Peter Mansfield, a physicist and Nobel Laureate and Professor Donald Longmore, a surgeon and inventor to share with students and research fellows of their journey in basic sciences research and how to foster effective collaboration between engineering  and clinical medicine.
    
 
Sir Peter Mansfield, FRS, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Nottingham, was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his achievement in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The Nobel Prize was shared with Paul Lauterbur, who also contributed to the development of MRI.  Sir Peterís early work was in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), then being used to study the chemical structure of substances. He joined the Department of Physics, University of Nottingham, in 1964, and by the early 1970s was working on the application of NMR to imaging that led directly to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). He and his team showed how the radio signals from MRI could be mathematically analysed, making possible their interpretation into useful images. He was also credited with discovering how fast imaging could be possible by developing the MRI protocol called echo-planar imaging (EPI). The team presented their first human image (of Mansfieldís abdomen) in 1978. Amongst Sir Peterís many awards and honours are Gold Medal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (1983), the Royal Society Mullard Medal (1990), Garmisch-Partenkirchen Prize for MRI (1995), Rank Prize for work on EPI (1997), and a knighthood in the New Yearís Honours (1993). He continues to work on the safety and acoustic screening of MRI.
 
  
Professor Donald Longmore OBE FRCS Ed FRCR graduated from Guys Hospital Medical School and took surgical resident and Cora and Web Mading Fellow in the Texas Medical Centre with Dr De Bakey and Dr Denton Cooley specialising in vascular and later cardiac surgery. He returned to St Thomas Hospital as a lecturer in the cardiac and vascular unit and then to the Middlesex Hospital as a Senior Registrar in cardiac surgery with Sir Thomas Holmes Sellors. He moved to the National Heart Hospital with Sir Thomas to help to set up cardiac surgery. Donaldís vision on safe, accurate, and non invasive population screening for occlusive vascular disease causing coronary and stroke - the commonest causes of death Ė has inspired a generation of scientists. He later co-founded a charity now known as CORDA for preventing heart disease and stroke, with a special focus on cardiovascular MRI research. Donald worked closely with Sir Godfrey Hounsfield, he and his team developed the first dedicated mobile cardiac MR scanner (now at the Science Museumís large object store), demonstrating that mobile screening reaching out into the community could detect pre-symptomatic occlusive vascular disease and monitor the efficacy of simple preventive measures to arrest and reverse the disease process. His publications include popular books such as Spare Part Surgery, Machines in Medicine and The Heart.